EASIMES Project aims at improving the understanding of environmental conditions which influence malaria transmission in the forested environments of Eastern Myanmar in order to improve microstratification and active surveillance tools used by control and/or elimination programs.
This project will develop an accurate map (land-use/land-cover) of the environments around villages and where people move and of seasonal changes based on remote-sensing data confirmed by field surveys. This environment database will be used to analyse the relationships between environments/landscapes and malaria epidemiological data as well as entomological data collected by the Malaria Elimination Task Force Program. The risks of malaria persistence or resurgence and the entomological risk associated with different types of environments will be quantified. This information will be integrated in a surveillance system, which will be developed to help health officers assess in space and time the suitable conditions of malaria transmission and better monitor control actions.
Risk maps will be produced and combined in order to pre-allocate certain types of strategies for a given year or transmission season. The surveillance system will be used to conduct reactive interventions to accelerate the decrease in Plasmodium. falciparum transmission or to prevent resurgence. Understanding the relationships between Plasmodium vivax persistence and environmental conditions will also contribute to shaping the measures to control vivax malaria as well.