Although oceans offer more than 60% of ecosystem services to humans, we still ignore most of its biodiversity and its natural resources. Consequences of this ignorance are broad and problematic in the current context of global changes.
One of the greatest challenges is to assess environmental health, which often requires large amount of data extremely difficult and expensive to acquire because of the technical difficulties to work in such a large and complex environment. Thus, the BUBOT project, through an interdisciplinary approach, proposes the development of new and innovative tools for marine biodiversity observation and their usage to evaluate anthropic impact on marine reef environment. This environmental assessment is coupled to human densities and activities data as well as an anthropology study on the practices, culture and knowledge on fishing resources.
Furthermore, with the intention of thorough testing and to demonstrate the usefulness of this approach, a real challenging assessment of the coastal marine environmental health, using fish assemblages as proxies, is proposed in the world second marine biodiversity hot spot, the Mozambican channel, along an anthropogenic impact gradient. The BUBOT project proposes to study 3 main hotspots of this region: Mayotte, the Scattered Islands and The Mozambique coast.
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